April 2021 Issue
Quantifying Positional Isomers (QPI) by Top-Down Mass SpectrometryIn Brief Here we determine the quantities of the same protein modified differentially by PTMs, creating so-called positional isomers (i.e., double phosphorylation, one isomer with positions Y64 and T98, and one isomer with positions Y64 and Y120). Knowledge of the relative abundances of these separate positional isomers is highly relevant, as researchers uncovered many thousands of phosphorylation sites many of which have no clear biological function. Uncovering their relative abundance will assist in determining the relative importance of each modification site.
Data Management of Sensitive Human Proteomics Data: Current Practices, Recommendations, and Perspectives for the FutureIn Brief Availability of proteomics data in the public domain has become the norm, as it has been the case in genomics and transcriptomics for many years. Analogously to sequencing data, there are increasing ethical issues and legal requirements related to sensitive human clinical proteomics data. We review the current state of the art and make concrete recommendations to address these issues in the proteomics field, which are summarized in four different areas.
Quantitative Proteomics and Phosphoproteomics Support a Role for Mut9-Like Kinases in Multiple Metabolic and Signaling Pathways in ArabidopsisIn Brief The MUT9-like kinases are a family of plant-specific nuclear-localized kinases with roles in diverse signaling pathways, including light sensing, phytohormone perception, and the circadian clock. The proteome and phosphoproteome of compound mlk mutant seedlings have been determined under light and dark conditions. These experiments identify new roles for these kinases regulating secondary plant metabolism and stress responses, tested through metabolite analysis and assaying seedling sensitivity to DNA damaging agents.
Stable Isotope Labeling of Amino Acids in Flies (SILAF) Reveals Differential Phosphorylation of Mitochondrial Proteins Upon Loss of OXPHOS SubunitsIn Brief We advanced a fully composed food source for Drosophila melanogaster into a highly efficient, versatile, and cheap labeling method, termed SILAF. The larval proteome incorporates more than 99% heavy lysine-6 label within 6 days, while the adult fly metabolism allows protein turnover studies. We obtained a phosphoproteome with site-specific occupancy in a fly model of mitochondrial metabolic disease, highlighting the regulation of two novel conserved phosphosites on subunits of the electron transport chain.