Reviews & Perspectives
Recent Advances in Software Tools for More Generic and Precise Intact Glycopeptide AnalysisIn Brief This article provides a systematic review of the most recent MS-based strategies and corresponding software tools for the analysis of intact glycopeptides, particularly intact N-glycopeptides, reported in the last decade, including the process of identifying N-glycopeptides from MS data, the existing methods of MS data acquisition and interpretation, the quality control methods, the display of results, and the software applications.
Meta-heterogeneity: Evaluating and Describing the Diversity in Glycosylation Between Sites on the Same GlycoproteinIn Brief Diversity in protein glycosylation can be described in terms of micro-heterogeneity and macro-heterogeneity, respectively, referring to the variation and occupancy of glycans at a given glycosylation site. However, these terms are not sufficient to describe a higher level of regulation when proteins are multiply glycosylated. For this, we propose the term meta-heterogeneity: variation in glycosylation across multiple sites of a given glycoprotein. In this review, we describe several remarkable examples of glycoprotein meta-heterogeneity and underline the need for its investigation.
Accelerating the Field of Epigenetic Histone Modification Through Mass Spectrometry–Based ApproachesIn Brief Histone post-translational modifications play essential roles in the epigenetic regulation of chromatin-related functions. Because of its high throughput, accuracy, and flexibility, mass spectrometry has emerged as a powerful tool in the epigenetic field. In this review, we describe the contributions of mass spectrometry–based proteomics in combination with distinct labeling strategies and various biological techniques to understand the roles of histone post-translational modifications and how they regulate chromatin function.