Reviews & Perspectives
- In Brief Advancements in MS-based proteomics have increased the study of synaptic proteins using neuroproteomics. The development of proximity, genetic labeling and bio-orthogonal amino acid labeling approaches now allow for the study of synaptic protein–protein interactions and protein signaling dynamics. In this review, we highlight studies from the last 5 years, with a focus on synapse structure, composition, functioning, or signaling and finally discuss some recent developments that could further advance the field of neuroproteomics.
- In Brief SARS-CoV-2, the betacoronavirus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic, became a major source of human disease and death in 2020. The fundamental constituents of a virus being its genome and proteome, characterizing the proteome is essential to understanding its biology. In this review article, we survey the proteomics literature from the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, including protein–protein interaction studies, post-translational modification studies, and work using proteomics technologies to probe host response, which collectively inform efforts to ameliorate the pandemic.
- In Brief The analytical power of targeted proteomics depends on how efficiently the mass spectrometer detects target peptides. A number of “smart” acquisition approaches have been developed that enable more targets per run and improve analytical performance such as sensitivity, specificity, and quantitative accuracy. This review provides an introduction to these methods and highlights their inherent strengths and weaknesses.
- In Brief To understand the roles of glycoproteins in biological processes, it is necessary to quantify the changes that occur to glycosylation at individual sites and to the whole molecule. That glycoprotein glycosylation is inherently heterogeneous means that the distribution of glycoforms at each glycosite must be quantified in order to inform calculation of molecular similarities. We review analytical and statistical methods for determining glycoprotein molecular similarities from glycoproteomics data.